An ominous sounding historical marker on New York Route 12 between Paris Hill and Waterville notes that this part of New York was once considered the 'Western Boundary of Civilization.'

The 'Property Line' was set in the 1768 Treaty of Fort Stanwix between the British Empire and the Iroquois.  All land to the west of Fort Stanwix (modern day Rome) was to belong to the Six Nation of the Iroquois.  In the parlance of the British, that meant this part of New York marked the 'Western Boundry of Civilization.'

This historical line is noted by a marker along Route 12 at Ford Road in the Oneida County town of Marshall.

Below is the full extent of the Property Line into Pennsylvania

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Utica's Hidden Underground Waterways

Rivers and creeks flow beneath the streets of Utica that you never knew were there.